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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

IV.—THE MAELSTROM

ON THE EVE OF THE INVASION

Great Britain has vital interests which must be defended resolutely.
What are these interests ? National honour is one of them. She would
not be winning the war if her Continental Allies did not believe her word.
It is not just a matter of sentiment—honour to her is a matter of life and
death, as it is to no other Power. She is pledged to restore the independence
of Poland—of all Poland5 and not half of it. She is pledged to restore the
independence of Yugo-Slavia. She is in honour bound to liberate all the
nations, big and small, who have fought on her side.
(Daily Mail, August 31, 1943).
During the first six months of 1944, there was no essential change in
Polish-Russian relations. In its propaganda, the Kremlin continued to
treat the Polish Government as a gang of c German collaborators and
spies/ while at the same time seeking to find and develop any pro-Soviet
elements among the Poles in order to split the unity of the country. In
the diplomatic field, Moscow endeavoured, through London and Wash-
ington, to exert pressure on the Polish Government in order to * soften it'
to the degree whereby it could be used as an instrument for their policy
of a1 future domination of Europe. The inflexible attitude of the Polish
people, however, eliminated any possibility of the slightest territorial
concession by the Polish Government to the Russian demands. There-
fore, the British Government tried hard, but in vain., to reach a solution
which would at the same time satisfy their own people, and maintain the
* Unity of Nations/
Poland, alone, stood unconquerable amidst a German Europe, where
Petain, Hacha, Tito, Antonescu, Horthy, Pavelic and other smaller
Quislings had sought Hitler's friendship and protection in order to secure
the fate of their peoples and to pass through the terrible storm raging
over the world and in their countries, with the least possible damage and
loss. Each one of those leaders had admitted to the principle that for the
weak, submission and betrayal had become the only weapon.
Within the stronghold of England, the exiled Governments of the
Allies, the sovereigns and leaders of the countries invaded by Germany,
the provisional governments and national committees of de Gaulle and
Benes, free Austrians and even free Germans, worked in London for the
liberation of their countries, declaring themselves the only c genuine *
representatives of their people. Day and night on the waves of ether,
voices of both these camps rolled out, some over German-controlled
stations and some used British and American wave-lengths. Both parties
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